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Tuesday, August 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Control technology evaluation for gasoline loading of barges found in the catalog.

Control technology evaluation for gasoline loading of barges

D. Gee

Control technology evaluation for gasoline loading of barges

by D. Gee

  • 388 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, National Information Service [distributor in Research Triangle Park, NC, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Barges -- United States -- Safety appliances.,
  • Loading and unloading -- Safety measures.,
  • Gasoline -- Transportation.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby D. Gee and W.M. Talbert ; prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development.
    SeriesResearch reporting series -- EPA-600/2-79-069.
    ContributionsTalbert, W. M., Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.), Pullman Kellogg.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvi, 97 p. :
    Number of Pages97
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17653375M

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Control technology evaluation for gasoline loading of barges by D. Gee Download PDF EPUB FB2

The evaluation involves application of carbon adsorption, refrigeration, and thermal incineration control technologies to control gasoline-barge vapors. Gasoline loading emissions consist of two portions, an arrival portion and a generated one. Arrival emissions consist of evaporated residual gasoline from a previous load.

Control technology evaluation for gasoline loading of barges Author: D Gee ; W M Talbert ; Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.) ; Pullman Kellogg. The report gives results of a study to determine the feasibility, safety, and cost of methods to control the emission of hydrocarbon vapor during the loading of gasoline barges.

Approximately 4 lb of hydrocarbons are emitted per gal. of gasoline loaded; annually about 1 million lb of hydrocarbons may be emitted at a terminal pumping 6 million barrels of gasoline.

TABLE 1. VOC EMISSION SOURCES AND FACTORS FOR GASOLINE BARGES Emission source Barge condition Emission factor Barge loading Barge transit Cleaned and vapor-free Uncleaned - dedicated service Average condition Average lb/ gal transferred lb/ gal transferred lb/ gal transferred Ib/wk per gal transferred Emissions depend on the condition of the barge.

Technical concepts such as gasoline direct injection helped to save fuel up to 20 % and reduce CO2-emissions. Descriptions of the cylinder-charge control, fuel injection, ignition and catalytic emission-control systems provides comprehensive overview of today´s gasoline engines.

of gasoline fractions ranging from propane through hexane. In Table III, a typical analysis is given for the vapors emitted during the loading of tank vehicles with motor gasoline. The production of vapor during the loading of a tank vehicle, as well as its composition, is greatly influ-enced by the type of loading.

Barge advocates suggest that, on average, a gallon of fuel allows one ton of cargo to be shipped 59 miles by truck, miles by rail and miles by barge.2 This data, as presented by the U.S.

Department of Transportation, was published in Given the rapid turnover of technology and the changes that have occurred. The PM control efficiencies for these processes were found to vary from 79 to 96% (EPA, ). In EPA’s National Inventory, incinerators used as control dev ices for PM were reported as achieving 25 to 99% control efficiency of particulate matter 10 microns or less in aerodynamic diameter (PM 10) at point source facilities (EPA, ).

Loading systems 8 Control system 11 Process design parameters 13 Equipment 15 Truck Unloading 20 LNG Liquefied Natural Gas. LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas. LVP Low Vapor Pressure. n It should be noted that in case there is freedom in tanker size and/or loading assembly then economical evaluation shall be considered for such selections.

§ Vessels with one propulsor that move tank barges carrying oil or hazardous material in bulk. § Alternative standards for vessels that move tank barges carrying oil or hazardous material in bulk. § Demonstration of compliance on vessels that move tank barges carrying oil or hazardous material in bulk.

♦ Properties of the refinery -produced streams (“blendstocks”) that make up gasoline and diesel fuel ♦ Refinery processing options for producing ULSG and ULSD The tutorial is written for readers having an interest in ULSG and ULSD production but having no familiarity with refining operations in general and sulfur control in particular.

Electronic library. Download books free. Finding books | B–OK. Download books for free. Find books. Get this from a library. Demonstration of vapor control technology for gasoline loading of barges. [S S Gross; Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)].

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(FC ) q The degree of spill control should be based on the level of risk. (See Section 7. D Gee has written: 'Control technology evaluation for gasoline loading of barges' -- subject(s): Loading and unloading, Safety measures, Transportation, Barges, Gasoline, Safety appliances.Jyotish Greh Book Genesis Study Genesis Rawan Shahita Blender Parametric Modeling Drivers Custom Properties And Shape Keys For 3d Modeling The Art Of The Personal Essay: An Anthology From The Classical Era To The Present Understanding Labor Law Fifth Edition Education Financiere Comment Investir En Vous Meme High-impact Tools For Teams Smart Service .technology Historically, the test basically was to find out the power and fuel consumption, also to test effectiveness of cooling, vibration and noise, lubrication, controllability, etc.

Modern regulations force engines to reduce harmful emission and comply stringent regulations, therefore, test is getting more and more sophisticated.